Ms. Coignard has extensive banking, investing, management and Board experience built during a career at the Royal Bank of Canada, Société Générale, and Citi. Ms. Coignard has extensive experience in the mining industry, having worked for Norilsk Nickel, the world’s largest producer of palladium and one of the world’s largest producers of nickel, platinum and copper. She has also operated her own advisory business, including providing strategic, business development, and finance advice to natural resources companies of all sizes. Ms. Coignard was a Non-Executive Director at Polymetal International Plc serving consecutive non-executive board roles including as Senior Independent Director and as Chair of the Remuneration Committee. She is an Independent Non-Executive Director at Eramet SA, where she serves on the Strategy and ESG Committee as well as on the Risk, Audit and Ethics Committee. Ms. Coignard is considered one of the most senior women in metals and mining in Europe and was named one of the Top 100 Inspirational Women in Mining 2018.